German Museum Repatriates Lakota Chief’s Shirt, Citing ‘Upright and Ethical Reasons’
With German institutions inserting a renewed emphasis on the repatriation of loads of objects in their holdings, the Weltkulturen Museum in Frankfurt mentioned this week that it had given the leather shirt of Chief Daniel Hole Horn Endure (Mato He Oklogeca), of the Teton Lakota, to his huge-grandson Chief Duane Hole Horn Endure. In a assertion, the museum cited “merely and ethical reasons” for the return.
The leather shirt became handed over to Duane Hole Horn Endure on June 12 in Rosebud, South Dakota. Duane Hole Horn Endure had visited the Weltkulturen Museum in 2019 and submitted a achieve aside a question to for the shirt’s return that included a historical portrait photograph, dated to 1900, by John Alvin Anderson. The image showed Chief Daniel Hole Horn Endure, who died in 1913, carrying the shirt. Chief Daniel Hole Horn Endure became a well-revered chief and baby-kisser who advocated for the rights of his of us and became in general a first-rate negotiator with the U.S. authorities.
In 2019, when he requested the shirt’s return, Chief Duane Hole Horn Endure mentioned in a video documenting the repatriation project, “It’s been a exhausting toddle merely to attain right here currently. I’m humbled no longer merely to gape [his shirt] in a image, however to back it in my hand, esteem I’m retaining his hand. . . . Grandpa attain dwelling. We need you.”
In a assertion, the Weltkulturen Museum mentioned, “The Chief’s shirt is a culturally explicit, identity-forming object of spiritual significance to the Teton Lakota Indigenous community. It bears particular patterns of brightly colored glass beads and human hair, that are positively attributable to the Hole Horn Endure household and present private possession earlier than 1906. . . . For Chief Duane Hole Horn Endure and his household, the return of the shirt is esteem the return of the huge-grandfather himself.”
The Weltkulturen Museum came into possession of the shirt in 1908 by an switch with the American Museum of Natural History in Current York. For the past 30 years, the shirt had been on everlasting mortgage and present to the German Leather-basically based fully Museum in nearby city of Offenbach.
The AMNH had got the shirt most advantageous two years earlier as share of a increased donation by James Graham Phelps Stokes, a Current York millionaire and philanthropist whose household’s wealth came from the Phelps-Dodge Company. In its unlock pronouncing the shirt’s repatriation, the Weltkulturen Museum mentioned, “The circumstances below which the shirt previously came into the possession of J.G. Phelps may perchance perchance no longer be reconstructed.”
In a assertion, Ina Hartwig, deputy mayor accountable of Tradition and Science for the City of Frankfurt am Predominant, mentioned “Provenance be taught is one among the huge challenges facing museums in the 21st century. The Frankfurt museum panorama has been taking this insist very seriously for years and is subjecting its collections to a scientific revision. Even supposing it represents a loss for the series and the article became legally acquired by the Weltkulturen Museum: I mediate in regards to the return of the leather shirt to Chief Duane Hole Horn Endure as an obligation that outweighs the formal merely insist.”